COVID-19: Stop Spreading Coronavirus(COVID19)

What is Corona Virus?

covid-19

Coronaviruses are an outsized family of viruses that can cause illness in animals or humans. In humans, several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections starting from the cold to more severe diseases. Like Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The foremost recently discovered coronavirus causes coronavirus disease COVID-19.

What is COVID-19

covid-19

COVID-19 is that the communicable disease caused by the foremost recently discovered coronavirus. This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. COVID-19 is now an epidemic affecting many countries globally.

What are the symptoms of COVID-19

The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, dry cough, and tiredness. Other symptoms that are less common and should affect some patients include aches and pains, nasal congestion, headache, conjunctivitis, pharyngitis , diarrhea, loss of taste or smell or a rash on skin or discoloration of fingers or toes. These symptoms are usually mild and start gradually. Some people become infected but only have very mild symptoms.

Most people (about 80%) get over the disease without having hospital treatment. Around 1 out of each 5 people that get COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing. Older people, and people with underlying medical problems like high vital signs, heart and lung problems, diabetes, or cancer, are at higher risk of developing a serious illness. However, anyone can catch COVID-19 and become seriously ill. People of all ages who experience fever and/or cough associated with difficulty breathing/shortness of breath, chest pain/pressure, or loss of speech or movement should seek medical attention immediately. If possible, it’s recommended to call the health care provider or facility first, therefore the patient is often directed to the proper clinic.

What should I do if I have COVID-19 symptoms and when should I seek medical care?

If you’ve got minor symptoms, like a small cough or a light fever, there’s generally no got to seek medical aid . occupy home, self-isolate and monitor your symptoms. Follow national guidance on self-isolation.

However, if you reside in a neighborhood with malaria or dengue it’s important that you simply don’t ignore symptoms of fever. Seek medical help. once you attend the clinic wear a mask if possible, keep a minimum of 1 metre distance from people and don’t touch surfaces together with your hands. If it’s a toddler who is sick help the kid stick with this recommendation .

Seek immediate medical aid if you’ve got difficulty breathing or pain/pressure within the chest. If possible, call your health care provider beforehand, so he/she can direct you to the proper clinic.

How does COVID-19 spread?

People can catch COVID-19 from others who have the virus. The disease spreads primarily from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth, which are expelled when an individual with COVID-19 coughs, sneezes, or speaks. These droplets are relatively heavy, don’t travel far and quickly sink to the bottom . People can catch COVID-19 if they inhale these droplets from an individual infected with the virus. this is often why it’s important to remain a minimum of 1 meter) faraway from others. These droplets can land on objects and surfaces round the person like tables, doorknobs and handrails. People can become infected by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth. this is often why it’s important to scrub your hands regularly with soap and water or clean with alcohol-based hand rub.

WHO is assessing ongoing research on the ways in which COVID-19 is spread and can still share updated findings.

Can COVID-19 be caught from a person who has no symptoms?

COVID-19 is especially spread through respiratory droplets expelled by someone who is coughing or has other symptoms like fever or tiredness. many of us with COVID-19 experience only mild symptoms. this is often particularly true within the early stages of the disease. it’s possible to catch COVID-19 from someone who has just a light cough and doesn’t feel ill.

Some reports have indicated that folks with no symptoms can transmit the virus. it’s not yet known how often it happens. WHO is assessing ongoing research on the subject and can still share updated findings.

How can we protect others and ourselves if we don’t know who is infected?

Practicing hand and respiratory hygiene is vital in the least times and is that the best thanks to protect others and yourself.

When possible maintain a minimum of a 1-meter distance between yourself et al. . this is often especially important if you’re standing by someone who is coughing or sneezing. Since some infected persons might not yet be exhibiting symptoms or their symptoms could also be mild, maintaining a physical distance with most are an honest idea if you’re in a neighborhood where COVID-19 is circulating.

What should I do if I have come in close contact with someone who has COVID-19?

If you’ve got been in close contact with someone with COVID-19, you’ll be infected.

Close contact means you reside with or are in settings of but 1 meter from those that have the disease. In these cases, it’s best to remain reception .

However, if you reside in a neighborhood with malaria or dengue it’s important that you simply don’t ignore symptoms of fever. Seek medical help. once you attend the clinic wear a mask if possible, keep a minimum of 1 metre distant from people , and don’t touch surfaces together with your hands. If it’s a toddler who is sick help the kid stick with this recommendation .

If you are doing not sleep in a neighborhood with malaria or dengue please do the following:

  • If you become ill, even with very mild symptoms you must self-isolate
  • Even if you don’t think you have been exposed to COVID-19 but develop symptoms, then self-isolate and monitor yourself
  • You are more likely to infect others in the early stages of the disease when you just have mild symptoms, therefore early self-isolation is very important.
  • If you do not have symptoms but have been exposed to an infected person, self-quarantine for 14 days.

If you’ve got definitely had COVID-19 (confirmed by a test) self-isolate for 14 days even after symptoms have disappeared as a precautionary measure – it’s not yet known exactly how long people remain infectious after they need recovered. Follow national advice on self-isolation.

What does it mean to self-isolate?

Self-isolation is a crucial measure taken by those that have COVID-19 symptoms to avoid infecting others within the community, including relations .

Self-isolation is when an individual who is experiencing fever, cough or other COVID-19 symptoms stays reception and doesn’t attend work, school, or public places. this will be voluntarily or support his/her health care provider’s recommendation. However, if you reside in a neighborhood with malaria or dengue it’s important that you simply don’t ignore symptoms of fever. Seek medical help. once you attend the clinic wear a mask if possible, keep a minimum of 1 metre distant from people and don’t touch surfaces together with your hands. Thus, if it’s a toddler who is sick help the kid stick with this recommendation.

If you are doing not sleep in a neighborhood with malaria or dengue please do the following:

However, If an individual is in self-isolation, it’s because he/she is ill but not severely ill (requiring medical attention)

  • have a large, well-ventilated with hand-hygiene and toilet facilities
  • If this is not possible, place beds at least 1 metre apart
  • Keep at least 1 metre from others, even from your family members
  • Monitor your symptoms daily
  • Isolate for 14 days, even if you feel healthy
  • If you develop difficulty breathing, contact your healthcare provider immediately – call them first if possible
  • Stay positive and energized by keeping in touch with loved ones by phone or online, and by exercising yourself at home.

What is the difference between self-isolation, self-quarantine, and distancing?

Quarantine means restricting activities or separating people that aren’t ill themselves but may are exposed to COVID-19. The goal is to stop spread of the disease at the time when people just develop symptoms..

Isolation means separating people that are ill with symptoms of COVID-19 and should be infectious to stop the spread of the disease.

Physical distancing means being physically apart. WHO recommends keeping a minimum of 1-metre distance from others. this is often a general measure that everybody should take albeit they’re well with no known exposure to COVID-19.

What should I do if I have no symptoms, but I think I have been exposed to COVID-19? What does it mean to self-quarantine?

To self-quarantine means to separate yourself from others because you’ve got been exposed to someone with COVID-19 albeit you, yourself, don’t have symptoms. During self-quarantine, you monitor yourself for symptoms. The goal of the self-quarantine is to stop transmission. Since people that become ill with COVID-19 can infect people immediately self-quarantine can prevent some infections from happening…

In this case:

  • Have a large, well-ventilated single room with hand hygiene and toilet facilities
  • If this is not available place beds at least 1 meter apart.
  • Keep at least 1-meter distance from others, even from your family members.
  • Monitor your symptoms daily
  • Self-quarantine for 14 days, even if you feel healthy
  • If you develop difficulty breathing, contact your healthcare provider immediately – call them first if possible.
  • Stay positive and energized by keeping in touch with loved ones by phone or online, and by exercising yourself at home.

However, if you reside in a neighborhood with malaria or dengue it’s important that you simply don’t ignore symptoms of fever. Seek medical help. once you attend the clinic wear a mask if possible, keep a minimum of 1 meter distant from people, and don’t touch surfaces together with your hands. If it’s a toddler who is sick help the kid stick with this recommendation.

Can children or adolescents catch COVID-19?

Research indicates that children and adolescents are just as likely to become infected as any other age group and can spread the disease.

Evidence to date suggests that children and young adults are less likely to get severe disease, but severe cases can still happen in these age groups.

Children and adults should follow the same guidance on self-quarantine and self-isolation if there is a risk they have been exposed or are showing symptoms. It is particularly important that children avoid contact with older people and others who are at risk of more severe disease.

What can I do to protect myself and prevent the spread of disease?

Stay conscious of the newest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the WHO website and thru your national and native public health authority. Most countries round the world have seen cases of COVID-19 and lots of are experiencing outbreaks. Authorities in China and a few other countries have succeeded in slowing their outbreaks. However, things is unpredictable so check regularly for the newest news.

You can reduce your chances of being infected or spreading COVID-19 by taking some simple precautions:

  • Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.
  • Maintain at least a 1-meter distance between yourself and others. Why? When someone coughs, sneezes, or speaks they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain the virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person has the disease.
  • Avoid going to crowded places. Why? Where people come together in crowds, you are more likely to come into close contact with someone that has COVID-19 and it is more difficult to maintain a physical distance of 1 metre.
  • Avoid touching eyes, nose, and mouth. Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose, or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and infect you.
  • Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately and wash your hands. Why? Droplets spread the virus. By following good respiratory hygiene, you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu, and COVID-19.
  • Stay home and self-isolate even with minor symptoms such as cough, headache, mild fever, until you recover. Have someone bring you supplies. If you need to leave your house, wear a mask to avoid infecting others. Why? Avoiding contact with others will protect them from possible COVID-19 and other viruses.
  • If you have a fever, cough, and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention, but call by telephone in advance if possible and follow the directions of your local health authority. Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent the spread of viruses and other infections.
  • Keep up to date on the latest information from trusted sources, such as WHO or your local and national health authorities. Why? Local and national authorities are best placed to advise on what people in your area should be doing to protect themselves.

Is there a vaccine, drug or treatment for COVID-19?

While some western, traditional or home remedies may provide comfort and alleviate symptoms of mild COVID-19, there are not any medicines that are shown to stop or cure the disease. WHO doesn’t recommend self-medication with any medicines, including antibiotics, as a prevention or cure for COVID-19. However, there are several ongoing clinical trials of both western and traditional medicines. WHO is coordinating efforts to develop vaccines and medicines to stop and treat COVID-19 and can still provide updated information as soon research results become available.

The most effective ways to guard yourself et al. against COVID-19 are to:

  • Clean your hands frequently and thoroughly
  • Avoid touching your eyes, mouth, and nose
  • Cover your cough with the bend of elbow or tissue. If a tissue is used, discard it immediately and wash your hands.
  • Maintain a distance of at least 1 meter from others. 

Does WHO recommend wearing medical masks to prevent the spread of COVID-19?

Currently, there’s not enough evidence for or against the utilization of masks (medical or other) in healthy individuals within the wider community. However, WHO is actively studying the rapidly evolving science on masks and continuously updates its guidance.

Medical masks are recommended primarily in health care settings, but are often considered in other circumstances (see below). Medical masks should be combined with other key infection prevention and control measures like hand hygiene and physical distancing.

Healthcare workers
Why?
Medical masks and respirators like N95, FFP2 or equivalent are recommended for and will be reserved for, healthcare workers while giving care to patients. Close contact with people with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 and their surrounding environment are the most routes of transmission, which suggests healthcare workers are the foremost exposed.

People who are sick and exhibiting symptoms of COVID-19
Why? Anyone who is sick, with mild symptoms like muscle aches, slight cough, pharyngitis, or fatigue, should isolate reception and use a medical mask consistent with WHO’s recommendation on home care of patients with suspected COVID-19. Coughing, sneezing, or talking can generate droplets that cause can spread the infection. These droplets can reach the face of others nearby and land on the encompassing environment. If an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks while wearing a medical mask, this will help to guard those nearby against infection. If a diseased person must attend a clinic they ought to wear a medical mask.

Anyone taking care of an individual reception who is sick with COVID-19
Why?
Those caring for people who are sick with COVID-19 should wear a medical mask for cover. Again, close, frequent, and prolonged contact with someone with COVID-19 puts caretakers at high risk. National decision-makers can also prefer to recommend medical mask use surely individuals employing a risk-based approach. This approach takes into consideration the aim of the mask, risk of exposure, and vulnerability of the wearer, the setting, the feasibility of use, and therefore the sorts of masks to be considered.

How to properly wear a medical mask?

If you choose to wear a mask:

  • Before touching the mask, clean hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water
  • Take the mask and inspect it for tears or holes.
  • Orient which side is the top side (where the metal strip is).
  • Ensure the proper side of the mask faces outwards (the colored side).
  • Place the mask on your face. Pinch the metal strip or stiff edge of the mask so it molds to the shape of your nose.
  • Pull down the mask’s bottom so it covers your mouth and your chin.
  • Do not touch the mask while you are wearing it for protection.
  • After use, take off the mask with clean hands; remove the elastic loops from behind the ears while keeping the mask away from your face and clothes, to avoid touching potentially contaminated surfaces of the mask.
  • Discard the mask in a closed bin immediately after use. Do not reuse the mask.
  • Perform hand hygiene after touching or discarding the mask – Use alcohol-based hand rub or, if visibly soiled, wash your hands with soap and water.

Be aware that there’s a worldwide shortage of medical masks (both surgical masks and N95 masks). These should be reserved the maximum amount as possible for health care workers.

Remember that masks aren’t a substitute for other, simpler ways to guard yourself et al. against COVID-19 like frequently washing your hands, covering your cough with the bend of elbow or tissue and maintain a distance of a minimum of 1 meter from others. See basic protective measures against the new coronavirus for more information.

Follow the recommendation of your national health authority on the utilization of masks.

How long does it take after exposure to COVID-19 to develop symptoms?

The time between exposure to COVID-19 and therefore the moment when symptoms start is usually around five to 6 days but can range from 1 – 14 days.

What is the connection between COVID-19 and animals?

COVID-19 is spread through human-to-human transmission.

We already know tons about other viruses within the coronavirus family and most of those sorts of viruses have an origin in animals. The COVID-19 virus (also called SARS-CoV-2) may be a new virus in humans. The possible animal source of COVID-19 has not yet been confirmed but research is ongoing.

WHO continues to watch the newest research on this and other COVID-19 topics and can update, as new findings are available.

Can I catch COVID-19 from my pet or other animals?

Several dogs and cats (domestic cats and tigers) in touch with infected humans have tested positive for COVID-19. additionally , ferrets appear to be vulnerable to the infection. In experimental conditions, both cats and ferrets were ready to transmit infection to other animals of an equivalent species. However, there’s no evidence that these animals can transmit the disease to humans and spread COVID-19. COVID-19 is especially spread through droplets produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or speaks.

Minks raised in farms have also been detected with the virus. presumably , they need been infected by farm workers. during a few instances, the minks that were infected by humans have transmitted the virus to people . These are the primary reported cases of animal-to-human transmission.

It is still recommended that folks who are sick with COVID-19 and other people who are in danger limit contact with a companion and other animals. When handling and caring for animals, basic hygiene measures should be implemented. This includes hand washing after handling animals, their food or supplies, also as avoiding kissing, licking, or sharing food.

More recommendations are available on the OIE website: https://www.oie.int/en/scientific-expertise/specific-information-and-recommendations/questions-and-answers-on-2019novel-coronavirus/

WHO continues to monitor the latest research on this and other COVID-19 topics and will update as new findings are available.

How long does the virus survive on surfaces?

The most important thing to understand about coronavirus on surfaces is that they will easily be cleaned with common household disinfectants which will kill the virus. Studies have shown that the COVID-19 virus can survive for up to 72 hours on plastic and chrome steel , but 4 hours on copper and fewer than 24 hours on cardboard.

As, always clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Avoid touching your eyes, mouth, or nose.

Are antibiotics effective in preventing or treating COVID-19?

No. Antibiotics don’t work against viruses; they only work on bacterial infections. COVID-19 is caused by an epidemic , so antibiotics don’t work. Antibiotics shouldn’t be used as a way of prevention or treatment of COVID-19. In hospitals physicians will sometimes use antibiotics to stop or treat secondary bacterial infections which may be a complication of COVID-19 in severely ill patients. they ought to only be used as directed by a physician to treat a bacterial infection.

Can I catch COVID-19 from the faeces of someone with the disease?

While initial investigations suggest the virus could also be present in faeces in some cases, to date, there haven’t been reports of faecal-oral transmission of COVID-19. Additionally, there’s no evidence so far on the survival of the COVID-19 virus in water or sewage.

WHO is assessing ongoing research on the ways COVID-19 is spread and can still share new findings on this subject .

This Post Has One Comment

  1. Pratik Rai

    Taking these prevention strategies seriously is extremely important to stop the transmission of this virus. Practicing good hygiene, following these guidelines, and encouraging your friends and family to do the same will go a long way in preventing the transmission. You are a very nice blogger and I enjoyed your blog on this topic. Thank you for providing good content to people all over the world.

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