Ottoman Empire History: The Ottoman Empire Part I

The word “Ottoman” may be a history of the name of Osman. The founding father of the Empire. Further, the ruling House of Osman “also referred to as the Ottoman dynasty”. Osman’s name successively obtained from the Persian sort of the name Osman of ultimately Arabic origin. In Ottoman Turkish, the empire attributed to as Devlet-i ʿAliyye-Yi ʿOsmâniyye or Osmanlı Devleti. In Modern Turkish, it’s referred to as Osmanlı İmparatorluğu “Ottoman Empire” or Osmanlı Devleti (“The Ottoman State”).In the West, the 2 names “Ottoman” and “Turkey” were often used reciprocally. Hence, “Turkey” being increasingly preferred both in formal and informal situations. This dichotomy precisely ended. In 1920–23 when the newly established. The Ankara-based Turkish government chose Turkey because of the sole official name.

Ottoman Empire

Founder:

Ertughrul, father of Osman I. The founder of the Ottoman Empire. Hence, Arrived in Anatolia from Merv (Turkmenistan) with 400 horsemen to help the Seljuks of Rum facing the Byzantine. Afterward, the demise of the Turkish. Then, Seljuk Sultanate of Rum in the 14th century. In fact,Anatolia divided into a patchwork of independence. Thus, mostly Turkish states, the so-called Ghazi emirates.

One of the emirates led by Osman I (1258–1326). From which the name Ottoman derived Osman I. Hence, Prolonged the frontiers of Turkish settlement toward the edge of the Byzantine Empire. In short, it is not well explained. That’s how Osmanli came to manage their neighbors. As the history of medieval Anatolia is still little known.

Ottoman Empire emerges:

Ottomon Empire is Known as one of the most powerful empires in history. However, the Ottoman Empire grew. In addition, Turkish refugees in Anatolia. In a vast state that reached its peak. As far north as Vienna, Austria. And as far east as the Persian Gulf. However as far west as Algeria. As far south as Yemen, the empire’s success was as much in its central structure as in its territory. Therefore, control of some parts of the world is very profitable. There was vast wealth due to trade routes. While it is extremely limited. The military system led to military power. But all the kingdoms that are on the rise will fall. And six centuries after the Ottoman Empire, the battlefield of Anatolia rose. It broke apart devastatingly in the theater of the First World War.

ottoman empire

Usman I, a leader of a nomadic tribe. Began to conquer the region from Anatolia (modern Turkey). By the end of the 13th century, raids. Against the weakening of the Christian Byzantine Empire. Around 1299, he made his announcement. From the Supreme Leader of Asia Minor and his successors grew. With the help of foreign mercenaries in the distant and Byzantine region.

Istanbul (Version of stin polis):

In 1453, the descendants of Uthman. Now known as the Ottomans. Eventually, the Byzantine Empire fell to its knees. When they took over. Apparently the invincible city of Constantinople. The city was named Constantinople. The first Christian emperor of Rome. Then it was called Istanbul. (A version of Stan Paul) Greek for “in the city” or “in the city”.

In the century after the death of Osman I. Ottoman rule began to extend. Over the Eastern Mediterranean and the Balkans. Osman’s son, Orhan, captured. The city of Bursa in 1324. And makes it the new capital. Beyond, the capital of the Ottoman state. The fall of Bursa meant the loss of Byzantine. However, control over northwestern Anatolia. The important city of Thessaloniki captured. Later, from the Venetians in 1387.

In 1389, the Ottomans conquered Kosovo. Paving the way for Ottoman expansion in Europe. Battle of Nicopolis in 1396. It is widely considered to be the last mass. Then, the medieval crusade. And failed to stop. The advance of the conquered Ottoman Turks.

Extension of Ottoman Empire:

With the extension of Turkish dominion into the Balkans. The strategic conquest of Constantinople. Became a crucial objective. The empire controlled nearly. All former Byzantine lands surrounding the city. But the Byzantines temporarily relieved. When the Turkish-Mongolian leader Timur. Invaded Anatolia from the east.

The Battle of Ankara

within the Battle of Ankara in 1402. Timur defeated the Ottoman army. And took Sultan Bayazid I as a prisoner. To throw the empire into turmoil. the following war lasted from 1402 to 1413. As Bayazid’s sons fought one battle after another. So, it ended. At an equivalent time, Mehmet I emerged because of the first Sultan. And restored Ottoman power. Eliminate intragenum. that’s why it’s also referred to as Fatrit Deori.

Part of the Ottoman territories in the Balkans. (E.g. Thessaloniki, Macedonia, and Kosovo) were temporarily lost. After 1402 but later recovered. By Murad II between the 1430s and 1450s. On November 10, 1444. Murad II defeated Hungary. Polish, and Walachian armies. Under Wadisau III of Poland (also King of Hungary). The last battle of the Crusades in the Battle of Junos Hanyari. However, Alexander’s subordinates continued to resist. Four years later, Junos Haniadi formed another army. Another army to attack (Hungarian and Wallachian armies). Turks but Murad Doi lost again. In 1448, the Second Battle of Kosovo.

The son of Murad II, Constantinople on 29 May 1453. Mehmed allowed the Orthodox Church. To maintain its autonomy. And land in exchange for accepting Ottoman authority. Because of bad relations. Between the states of western Europe and the later Byzantine Empire. The majority of the Orthodox population accepted Ottoman rule. As preferable to Venetian rule. Albanian uprising was a major barrier. Therefore, Ottoman expansion on the Italian peninsula.

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