Kaikobad I or Alaud’s Cubad bin Kikwas (Persian: ءعلادین کیقباد بن کیکاوس Turkish Turkish: I. Sultan Alauddin’s Cubad, 1188–1237) was the Seljuk Sultan of Rama. Who ruled from 1220 to 1237. It extended the Sultanate’s borders at the expense of its neighbors. Especially mangosteen balek and aubergines. And with the presence of Ceylon in the Mediterranean, they captured the port of Cullen Oros. Elijah was later renamed in his honor. The Sultan Alauddin, sometimes styled “Keikoabad Great”, is remembered today for his outstanding architectural legacy. And court culture. Which flourished during his reign.
The Seljuq power represented in the Keikobad period. And affected Anatolia. And Keiko itself was considered inhabited. He was the most famous prince of the royal family. During the post-Mongol period in the mid-13th century. Anatolians often see this period as the Golden Age. When the new rulers of Anatolia found out. So they justified their authority. Paddy tracked it.
Biography of Sultan Alauddin:
Kaikobad was the second son of Sultan Khekhsru I. Which gave him the title of country at an early age. And he got the governorship of the important central Anatolian town of Tokat.
When the Sultan died in 1211 after the Battle of Ala Hir. Kaiqobad and his elder brother, Kakas, both fought for the throne. Initially, Kaikobad had some allies in the Sultan’s neighboring countries. Laila I, king of Silesian Armenia, and Taghir Shah, uncle of the brothers and independent ruler of Arizora.
As the strongholds of the empire, most of the aristocracy supported the Caucasus. Kaiqobad had to flee to Ankara Fortress. Where he sought help from the Turkmen tribes of Kistanamonu. He was soon taken into custody. And imprisoned by his brother in a castle in western Anatolia. Kikas died unexpectedly in 1219 (or 1220). Released from captivity, Kikhabad succeeded to the throne of Sultan.
In 1227/1228, Kaikobad entered Anatolia. Where was the arrival of Jalaluddin Mangbarno, That was fleeing from the destruction of his Khwarazmin empire by the Mongols. It created an unstable political situation. The Sultan settled the Turkomans along the border of the Torres Mountains. Later he wrote a region called lateral. At the end of the 13th century, these Turkmen established the Kramenians.
Sultan Alauddin defeated the Artuqids and the Ayyubids
The Sultan defeated Artiquid and Ayubids. And absorbed the Mangojic Emirate into the Empire. With his march, he captured the forts of Hessen Mansour, Kehta, and Amagic. He also rejected the revolt of the Empire Tree Bizand. And, although he failed to capture their capital, he forced the Caminos family to renew their vows.
Earlier, Kaikobad tried to form an alliance with his Turkish cousin Jalaluddin Mangbarno against the Mongol threat but failed. And after that, Jalaluddin took an important fort in qualification. In the end, Kaikobad defeated him. In 1230, he fought in the battle of Yasmin between Sivas and Erzincan.
After his conquest, he moved further east. Established Seljuk rule over the area of Erzurum, Ahlit, and Lake Van (formerly part of the Abyssinia). Diyarbakir and the Artidids of the Abyssinians of Syria recognized his sovereignty.
He also captured several forts in Georgia. Whose queen claimed peace. And he married his daughter Tamer to Kaikobasani, the son of Kaikobad. The Romans keep in mind the growing presence and power of the Mongols on the Sultan’s borders. It strengthened defenses and fortifications in its eastern provinces. He died at a young age in 1237 in his last line to die in freedom.
Family of Sultan Alauddin:
Kaikobad had three sons: Kikhasras II, the eldest, and his Greek wife was the son of Mahi Khatun. And further, ‘Izz al-Din and Rukn al-Din Yin were the sons of Ghazia Khatun, the wife of his Ayubian princess. Kekabad had in fact pledged allegiance to his son Izzat-ud-Din. But Aamir generally preferred the rally. Behind the more powerful Khusrau.
Without a clear successor, Kaikobad’s death sparked controversy among various groups.
Sultan Alauddin’s Reign:
Following these conquests, Alauddin defeated Saladin Mangubri in the Battle of Jesse Mini in 1230 AD. And further eastward. And took Airzrum, Qualification, and Lake Van. But this considers a mistake. Because after this war, the Mongols opened the way to enter Anatolia. So, they attacked Sivas under the command of the German Nobhia. And destroyed the region. When Allauddin found out. The attack supported by Georgian Queen Rusden. He invaded Georgia. He conquered many forts there. But the queen demanded peace. And married his daughter, Tamar Gerko Hatton, to Aladdin’s son, Kekhosrao II. He was aware of the growing power of the Mongols. In this way, he strengthened the borders of Anatolia by strengthening the eastern borders.
Sultan Alauddin Kaiqobad I saved Anatolia from Mongol invasion before his death in 1237. He had good relations with both Muslims and non-Muslims. It was as if I had just returned from a battle of wits. Christians welcomed their priests and their imams along with Muslims. With great generosity, they also gave him gifts and donations. He was also given the title of “Ulag-Sultan”.
Turks migrated from Central Asia during the tenth century. And a group of nomadic tribes came from southeastern Russia. It headed by a chief named Seljuq. The headwaters are located in the lower reaches of the Jakarta’s River. And later it became the Sunni form of Islam. He participated in the Samirna Border Defense Force. And later Mahmoud Ghazni. Seljuq’s two grandchildren, the Chagrin bag and the Toglol bag. There was a list of Persian helpers to win their constituencies. Chagrin is controlled by most of Khorsin and Toghiral. On his death in 1063, he remained head of an empire. These included western Iran and Mesopotamia.
Under the sultans, Alp Arsalan and Malik Shah Seljuq Empire expanded. To include Palestine, Iran and Mesopotamia, and Syria. In 1071, Alp Arslan defeated a large Byzantine army at Manzikart. And captured the Byzantine emperor Romans IV Diagnosis. The way was open for Turkmen tribes to settle in Asia Minor.
The Seljuq Empire failed to stem the rise of the Nazarene Ismailis. There was an idea of a Shiite sect. That he held responsible for the assassination of Wazir Naeem-ul-Mulk in 1092. More importantly. That is, the Seljuk process of dividing the provinces gave a good idea of this empire. Among the sons of a slain ruler. Thus many independent and unstable Rajasthan created. There was an internal struggle for power.
The last of the Iranian Seljuqs died on the battlefield in 1194. And by 1200 the Seljuk power was gone everywhere except Anatolia.
Alp Arslan conquered Manzikart in 1071. It opened the Byzantine front for the Oz tribes. And they soon established themselves. As a mercenary in the Byzantine local struggle. His job with rival Byzantine generals was to hope for the throne of Constantinople (now Istanbul). It gave them a growing influence. And gradually they took control of Anatolia. Assumed control as an ally of the Byzantine emperor. They were taken by the Crusaders to the interior of Anatolia in 1097. In the West, there was an ambush between the Byzantine Greeks. And in the east by the Crusaders in Syria. The Seljuq Turks organized the Anatolian domain as the Sultan of Ram.
Although its population included Christians, Armenians, Greeks, Syrians, and Iranian Muslims. And Ram was considered “Turkey” by his contemporaries. Trade, agriculture, and the arts thrive in the state. Where races tolerate. And religions have played an important role in peace and stability.
Iran’s war against the Kharazm Shah dynasty began in 1230. Through Ram Sultan Al-Kay on Al-Qin Qab-Hud (Kaikobad), I finally clashed with the power of Ram and Seljuk. Khorezmian buffer means loss of state. That is when the invading Mongols reached the eastern borders of Turkey. The Seljuks could not stop them. In 1243, the battle of Kos Dag took place. Seljuk’s sovereignty was lost forever. For a time, the Seljuq Empire continued as a Mongol province. Although the Turkmen aristocracy has maintained its small states in remote mountainous districts. The Seljuq dynasty came to an end in the early 14th century.
Sultan Alauddin’s Death:
Sultan Alauddin Kaikobad died in Caesarea on May 31, 1237. Rumors circulated in honor of foreign ambassadors on the occasion of Eid. That his son, Jayasiden Kahsrio Domas, poisoned him and became the next sultan. Unexpectedly, he was buried in the Alauddin Mosque in Konya. Alauddin Kaikobad I was killed. However, at the invitation of Zahras, he gave it to Caesarea in 1232. He was buried in a tomb called “Kabrabane”. That was built by Sultan Mesud (1116-57) on Alauddin hill.
When the Sultan died in 1211 after the Battle of Ala Hir. Hence, Kaiqobad and his elder brother, Kakas, both fought for the throne. After 1320 he became ill so his sons kept fighting. Therefore, many cities captured by the Byzantines. He died of gout at the age of 68 in Sugot. Hence, buried in Bursa. During his reign, he first married Mil Haton. She gave birth to a son, Orhan Ghazi. Who later became the next Sultan.
Architectural and cultural legacy:
He ordered most of the buildings during his tenure. Can still be seen in Anatolia today. Like the Alauddin Mosque in the middle of Konya. Next to Fort Ngade, Uni (Antar) Minar Mosque Antalya. Kobinabad Palace in Besihar, etc. In most cases, Sultan Caravanserai is one of them.
During his reign, he brought the Seljuk Empire to its last days. At that time trade and science were given great importance. Anatolia and Sinop became important ports for the expansion of the empire. And the navy and the trade were prepared. He invited many intellectuals. And the artist of his court, including Maulana Rumi.
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